Prionus beetle larvae

The California prionus is widely distributed in western North America from Baja California and Mexico to Alaska. The majority of the three to five year life cycle is spent underground as larvae, feeding on the roots of trees and shrubs. The larvae are often referred to as round-headed borers because of their cylindrical body shape Life History and Habits: All Prionus longhorned beetle species develop in the larval stage as root borers. However, there is a considerable range in the host plants that are used. Some are grassland species that develop on roots of grasses, such as P. palparis, P. fissicornis, and P. emarginatus.Rangeland shrubs such as rabbitbrush and sage appear to be the hosts for P. integer Figure 2. Prionus longhorned beetle larva, a type of roundheaded borer. Photograph by Frank Peairs. Figure 3. Pupa of the California prionus, in a soil cell. Photograph courtesy Ken Gray Collection, Oregon State University This is a longhorn beetle that is commonly found throughout the west. The larvae feed in the trunks of dead of maple, alder, ash, sycamore, oak and willow. The adults emerge in mid-summer and are often found by home owners. Note that the light colored areas of this beetle can vary from bright white to a pale blue • Tremendous variability in the number of larvae / tree (ranged from 2 to 41 larvae per tree). • A total of 131 larvae were found. • Overall, more larvae were found on the ADMIRE trees. • Average for treated trees: 18.5 larvae/tre

California Prionus WSU Tree Fruit Washington State

Prionus Longhorn Beetles - Bugwoodwik

  1. The Prionus borer is the grub or larval stage of a large longhorned beetle called the broadnecked root borer (Prionus laticollis). Recently, the sex pheromone of a closely related species,P. californicus was identified, as a first step in the possible development of non-insecticidal methods of monitoring and managing this important class of pests
  2. Tile Horned Prionus This is a Root Borer in the genus Prionus. It is a male Tile Horned Prionus, Prionus imbricornis. BugGuide provides this identification information: Huge longhorn, dark brown and shining
  3. Prionus laticollis, also known as the broad-necked root borer, is a root-boring longhorn beetle. The larvae damage trees and other plants by feeding on their roots. They are mostly active during dusk and at night. They are good burrowers and hide at the base of oak trees and other food sources

Prionus californicus, commonly known as the California root borer, is a species of insect in the longhorn beetle family (Cerambycidae).It is native to the American west where it is often a pest of orchard and vine crops Females lay eggs at a depth of 1-4 cmmnear the base of the host trees. After hatching, the larva bores and digs down to the roots and begin feeding. They can move through the soil from one root to another starting on the surfaces of small roots and eventually entering the woody root tissues. Life Cycle is 5 -7 years Prionus Beetle. Prionus spp. Tweet; Description: A large Long Horned beetle. Male. Very large antennae. Notes: Appears to be waiting for the scent of a female. Larvae are root borers. Species ID Suggestions Sign in to suggest organism ID. No Comments Sign in to comment. Spotted by tomk3886. Tallahassee, Florida, United States. Spotted on. The California Prionus beetle, Prionus californicus, can be as large as two to two-and-a-half inches. It is uniform dark, reddish brown and has antennae that are about half as long as its body. The adult is attracted to light at night and sounds like a small airplane approaching Two common types of root-boring beetles include the ten-lined June beetle (Polyphylla decemlineata) and the California prionus beetle (Prionus Californicus), also known as the prionus root borer.

OSU Insect ID Clinic - Oregon State Universit

The tilehorned prionus is somewhat larger, 9/10 - 2 inches (24-50 mm) long. There are 15-20 antennal segments in this species. Tilehorned prionus larvae reach lengths of 2-1/2 - 3 inches (65-80 mm) (Plate 80). They have a heavy-bodied, cylindrical appearance Larvae attack dead and dying Douglas-fir, true fir, spruce and pine depending on the beetle Banded alder borer (Rosalia funebris) Adults are 2.5-3.5cm long and have distinct blueish white banding. Larvae attack dead and dying alder, ash, maple, oak, willow, etc. These insects may be confused with non-native Asian longhorned beetle

However, this is the largest beetle found in Colorado and their large size commonly attracts attention and concern. Larvae of the ponderous borer are sometimes known to foresters as timber worms. Species of Similar Appearance: Some longhorned beetles in the genus Prionus that occur in Colorado also reach very large size. These tend to be. Adult Tile Horned Prionus Beetles have very strong jaws and they could easily draw blood if carelessly handled, but they will not bite unless provoked. According to BugGuide : Female lays 100-200 eggs around the base of various trees, vines, herbs. (These include oak, grape, pear, and maize.) Larvae feed on bark and roots

UCCE's Jim Bethke talks briefly about a common insect and potential pest in California known as the Prionus Beetle and shares some interesting facts about it

Prionus coriarius | Tanner beetle (Prionus coriarius) near

California prionus beetle pictures and informatio

  1. Prionus root borers are particularly difficult to manage once they infest an orchard for a number of reasons. The woods are full of alternate tree hosts - Oaks, hickories, pines, grapes, poplars, etc. The females lay eggs in the soil near roots and the larvae feed upon and develop in the roots and soil until they pupate. UGA entomologist Dr.
  2. Prionus californicus. Pest description and crop damage Adult beetles are brown, 1.5 to 3.5 inches long and 0.75 inch wide. Antennae are long and sweeping and may be saw-like. Larvae are legless white grubs 0.25 to 3 inches long. The head is brown with strong protruding jaws. Adults emerge in July and lay eggs near the base of the hop plant
  3. Larvae develop in the active growing tips of trees. Examples: pine tip moth and maple shoot borer. Root and crown borers. Larvae develop at the soil level or underground. Examples: tilehorned prionus and cottonwood borer. Twig pruners. Female beetles lay eggs in growing twigs. The larvae cut the tree branch from inside the twig
  4. Prionus californicus. Pest description and crop damage A very large (up to 3.5 inch body), brown longhorned beetle with elongate serrated antennae and large mandibles (jaws). Three lateral spines are present on each side of the thorax. The adult beetles are capable of vocalizing when disturbed
  5. California Prionus Beetle Adult prionus beetles. Note large size and long antennae. Adulto del escarabajo de California Prionus (California Prionus Beetle). Nótese el tamaño grande y las antenas largas. Cream-colored, legless larva. Las larvas son de color crema y no tienen patas
  6. ing if the beetles are a factor in the decline of tree productivity in the orchards. Prionus root borers are detected with pheromone-baited traps or light traps or pitfall traps. Nearly every orchard has a few root borers present
  7. Broadnecked root borer, Prionus laticollis (Drury) Tilehorned prionus, Prionus imbricornis (L.) Adults are robust, broad, somewhat flattened blackish to reddish brown beetles with antennae roughly half the length of their bodies (A). Larvae are large, fleshy, elongate grubs, creamy white to yellowish in color, with 3 pairs of small legs, a swelling behind the small head capsule, and strong.

Larvae live in and feed on dead tree roots. Biology: Adults occur in the mid-summer, larvae are present in wood year round. Health/pest Status: Not pests, prionus long-horned borers feed on already dead tree roots in damp soil. They do not attack dry building wood Prionus larvae in crowns. In October 2010 and again in January 2013 growers reported 'Duke' highbush blueberry fields with severe damage to roots and crowns caused by grubs feeding on the underground parts of the plants. The grubs appear to be the larval stage of a species of Prionus beetle. Larvae removed from the crown of a dying blueberry bush Larvae of the California prionus (Prionus californicus) can damage hop plants by feeding on their roots. This feeding results in decreased nutrient uptake by the hop plant, water stress, and reduced plant growth. Heavy Prionus infestations can cause wilting, yellowing, and the death of one or more bines or the entire plant Younger larvae feed on smaller diameter roots and finally reach the tree crown as mature larvae. During summer, larvae feed at depths around 6-18 inches and in winter they descend to about 36 inches down the soil surface. The adult of prionus apple tree borer is a large beetle, ranging in size from 1- 3 inches long

Broad-necked Root Borer (Prionus laticollis

The worms are the larvae of wood-boring beetles. With few exceptions, they infest trees that are already dead or dying from other causes and are not threats to healthy trees. Two major families of wood-boring beetles in conifers are: Larvae of the ponderous or prionus borer, a root borer. Photo: Forestry Image Prionus root borers are particularly difficult to manage once they infest an orchard for a number of reasons. The woods are full of alternate tree hosts - Oaks, hickories, pines, grapes, poplars, etc. The females lay eggs in the soil near roots and the larvae feed upon and develop in the roots and soil until they pupate The beetles are completely harmless but the larvae are considered pests in orchards. One of the largest beetles in NA. Jack DeAngelis Replied September 13, 2013, 11:27 AM ED

California Root Borer Beetle (Prionus californicus

1 Habitat 2 Consumption 3 Recipes 4 Farming 5 Legality 6 Buying 7 Media 8 References Find beetle recipes on Entomophagy Wiki. 1 2 3 Adult, male tilehorned prionus beetle (Coleoptera). The larvae bore into roots of Malus, Carya, Prunus, Castanea, Maclura, Populus, Tilia, and Pyrus and cause dieback and death. Front view of an adult, male tilehorned prionus beetle (Coleoptera)

The Broad-Necked Root Borer. A member of the family Cerambycidae (long-horned beetles), the broad-necked borer (Prionus laticollis) can do considerable damage, especially to fruit trees such as. As adults the rain beetles do not apparently feed and are probably short-lived. The larvae feed on the roots various shrubs and conifers, taking eight to twelve years to reach maturity (from Western Forest Insects, Furniss and Carolin, 1980). California Prionus (Prionus californicus PRIONUS Geoffroy, 1762 . This impressive longhorn, the only member of the Prioninae to occur in the UK, remains locally common throughout Europe and across North Africa, east to Asia Minor and Russia and north to southern Scandinavia, and is present on many Mediterranean islands. where the beetle is common and there is a wide variety of. of a particular condition. Larval host condition may be most difficult to assess for root-feeding species whose larvae feed undetected long before any sign of attack is shown by the host plant. Prionus californicus, for example, was first thought to feed on roots of dead, decaying hosts but was later shown to girdle roots of living plants (46) These are very large reddish-brown beetles (1 ¾ - 2 ¼ inches) that bore into roots in the larval stage. These beetles have a host range that includes a variety of coniferous and deciduous trees and shrubs. The Prionus beetles can be distinguished from the Asian longhorned beetle by both size and color

Prionus californicus — WikipédiaCalifornia Prionus - What's That Bug?

Tile Horned Prionus - What's That Bug

beetle family, to which this insect belongs (Fig. 77). California prionus larvae are cream colored, 1/8 to 3 inches long (Fig. 78), and have strong, dark mandibles that are used to chew plant roots. Legs, though present, are small and inconspicuous. California prionus larvae do not curl into a C-shape when disturbed as do the larvae (grubs) o An adult and larvae of the California prionus beetle (Prionus californicus) in the laboratory (David Gent, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org). Flatheaded wood borer larva in pine (William M. Ciesla, Forest Health Management International, Bugwood.org)

Prionus laticollis - Wikipedi

The larvae seek out roots shortly after hatching. They furrow and tunnel through the roots as they consume tissue, moving upward and inward and often killing apical regions. Larvae move PRIONUS LONGHORN BEETLE Prionus Spp. (Geoffroy) • Coleoptera, Cerambycidae • PRIONUS Home Programs; Avocado, Citrus, Minor Subtropicals Caneberry Irrigation and Nutrient Management Landscape & Plant Patholog The ponderous borer beetle, also called the Western pine sawyer, is a big, red-brown boring beetle whose larva feed on the roots of ponderosa pine, Douglas fir, and other conifers.Ponderous borer larvae, which can measure almost three inches long, tunnel through the sapwood and heartwood of their dead or dying host trees, hastening their decomposition and the fall of dead stands Longhorned beetles, or roundheaded wood borers. Most any woody species can become infested by longhorned beetles (Cerambycidae), also called roundheaded wood borers. The larvae chew inner bark and sometimes the wood of limbs, trunks, and main roots. Most species of longhorned beetles primarily attack trees that were already injured or stressed There are a great many other cerambycid beetles that attack trees and other plants, but few others have larval stages that feed on roots or are larger than the cottonwood borer. Larvae of root borers, such as the tilehorned prionus , Prionus imbricornis (Fabricius), attack apples, Prunus (peaches, plums, etc.), pears, pecans, poplars, and other.

Prionus californicus - Wikipedi

  1. The beetle overwinters as a larva under the bark or in the wood. The head end of the larva is very broad and flattened (the broad part is actually the thorax immediately behind the head), and this gives the family name flat-headed wood borers. The remainder of the body is cylindrical. The larva is yellowish-white and lacks legs
  2. In long-horned beetle. The prionids (subfamily Prioninae) have leathery, brownish wing covers (elytra), and the margins of the prothorax (region behind the head) are toothlike and expanded laterally. Included in this group is the pine-inhabiting genus Parandra and the broad-necked prionus ( Prionus laticollis ), whose larvae live in grape.
  3. Pinyon Webworm. Pinion webworm. Prune & destroy infested portion of branches while webs are small. Remove large webs with a stick or pole w/ nail inserted crosswise - twist pole after insertion into web - remove and bag or burn. Only use insecticide sprays (BT, carbaryl, acephate) if natural predators (wasps, birds, stink bugs, parasitic.
  4. Prionus californicus Motschulsky. Larvae; Graphisurus sp. Drawing modified from Peterson 1951. Leptura sp. Drawing modified from Peterson 1951. This beetle is native to Japan, Korea and southern China and attacks and kills healthy trees including horsechestnut, many maple species, as well as other hardwoods such as elm, poplar, willow.
Field Biology in Southeastern Ohio: Silk Moths, NeuropteraGISD

Cerambycid Beetle (Prionus pocularis) Cerambycid Beetle - Round-headed Apple Tree Borer (Saperda candida) Cerambycid Beetle - Round-headed Apple Tree Borer (Saperda candida) Round-headed Borer Family Cerambycidae.jpg: Darkling Beetle - Larger Black Flour Beetle Cynaeus angustus.jpg: Deathwatch Beetle Larvae (Anobiidae) False Potato Beetle. Prionus. A genus of large beetles. Rose Chafer. Rose-chafer, Macrodaclylus subspinosus species; beetle. Sagra Cyanea. Grub of a Seven Spotted Ladybug. Ladybugs are a type of small beetle. The larvae feed on aphides, making them beneficial to horticulturalists. Snapping Beetle. Illustrated is a mounted snapping beetle

Alder flea Beetle. Altica ambiens. This pest feeds on the leaves of alder both as an adult and as an immature. The larvae skeletonize the leaves (eating the leaf tissue but leaving all of the veins, resulting in a lace-like appearance) while the adults are shot-hole feeders (eating out small to medium sized circles of leaf material) The California prionus, Prionus californicus Motschulsky, is broadly distributed throughout western North America where it feeds on roots of trees, woody shrubs, and vines (Linsley 1962).Adults are large (25-55 mm), crepuscular beetles that are active from late June through early September in the U.S. Pacific Northwest and Intermountain West (Barbour et al. 2006, Alston et al. 2007) Beetles are undoubtedly one of the most diverse organisms on Earth, with a group that has the most described species (close to 400,000) and a wide array of exquisite morphology and design. One beetle species in particular, Prionus laticollis, is the main focus of this webpage For this trip, I teamed up with Jeff Huether for the third time since 2012. Our quarry for this trip was longhorned beetles (family Cerambycidae) in the genus Prionus. Larvae of these beetles are subterranean, with some species feeding on roots of woody plants and others on roots of grasses and other herbaceous plants In more natural settings, Orthosoma brunneum breeds in decaying trees and logs; as White (1983) notes, the larvae make extensive excavations that are tightly packed with coarse frass. Left: the head and pronotum of Orthosoma brunneum. As with many other members of the family Cerambycidae, the eyes are notched at the base of the antennae

Prionus Beetle Project Noa

Ground beetle and larva of the genus Calosoma in the family Carabidae. This predaceous genus is often called caterpillar hunter. During April of 2005, the carabid larvae were very abundant in Anza-Borrego Desert feeding on the pupae (chrysalises) of the painted lady butterfly (Vanessa cardui). Note: In moths and butterflies that do not spin. Prionus larvae in crowns. In October 2010 and again in January 2013 growers reported 'Duke' highbush blueberry fields with severe damage to roots and crowns caused by grubs feeding on the underground parts of the plants. The grubs appear to be the larval stage of a species of Prionus beetle

California Prionus Beetle - Science-Based Solutions for

Beetle larvae can be differentiated from other insect larvae by their hardened, often darkened head, the presence of chewing mouthparts, and spiracles along the sides of the body. Like adult beetles, the larvae are varied in appearance, particularly between beetle families. Beetles whose larvae are somewhat flattened and are highly mobile are. In 2009, the sex pheromone that the female prionus beetle releases to attract males as mates was found to be highly attractive to several species of prionus root borers including the two species on Georgia pecan. In the impending period, the pheromone was synthesized, mass produced and became commercially available for use Key diagnostic characteristics are the black body with white spots, black and white striped antennae, and blue feet. The Asian longhorned beetle (ALB) is a large, striking insect that is black with white spots, 1 to 1 ½ long, has long black and white striped antennae and bluish feet. This beetle is in the family Cerambycidae and is.

The immature or larval stages of insects, particularly beetles and moths, that feed on wood rather than leaves or plant juices are referred to as borers. All the woody parts of the tree from the buds and twigs to the trunk and roots are susceptible to borer attack. Most borers are attracted to trees that are weakened through drought, injury or disease, but some borer species can successfully. Tortoise Beetle SargonR 2 0. Gypsy Moth Caterpillar SargonR 2 0. Wasp moth caterpillar maradithayamb 1 0. Tortoise beetle larvae maradithayamb 0 0. Fungi tomk3886 2 0. Mushroom tomk3886 2 0. Mushroom tomk3886 2 0. Prionus Beetle tomk3886 5 0. Spotting jessica110321 3 0. Elf cups and allies Nicole61 3 0. Olive tree. Olivo eulalia rubio 3 1

commonly known as the California prionus, ranges throughout much of western North America, being found from Alaska south to Mexico and as far east as the Rocky Mountains and Colorado (Linsley 1962). The adults are among the largest longhorned beetles in North America (Linsley 1962). The beetle has a long life cycle (3-5 year Prionus Long-horned Beetle. Price: $3.95. Availability: In Stock. Item #: Prionus sp. -. Prionus pocularis Click the Camera icon to view the BugGuide information on this specimen as well as several photo examples. Quick View Prionus coriarius synonyms, Prionus coriarius pronunciation, Prionus coriarius translation, English dictionary definition of Prionus coriarius. n. Any of numerous beetles of the family Cerambycidae, having long antennae and often having wood-boring larvae

Tree-Killing Beetles Home Guides SF Gat

  1. Minden Pictures is recognized worldwide as the foremost provider of wildlife and nature stock photography for use by publishing and advertising professionals. - Minden Pictures - (tanner and (beetle or beetl)
  2. One of the largest of the North American beetles, females of this species can grow up to two inches long and males up to three inches. Length: 23-48 mm . The California Root Borer Beetle is also known by the name(s) of: Giant Root Borer Beetle.The California Root Borer Beetle is typically 0.9 inches to 2.2 inches (24mm to 57mm) in size and has the following descriptors / identifiers: brown.
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Prionus Borers - Virginia Tec

California Prionus Beetle Prionus californicus. The larva of this beetle does a lot of damage to trees in the state. It is one of the largest of the beetles and is related to the longhorn beetles -- Larvae of both species are fleshy, creamy white with three pairs of small legs. They have cylindrical bodies and attain lengths of up to 3 inches (75 mm). The adult beetles are robust, broad, dark brown, somewhat flattened, and up to 1.5 inches (37 mm) long (figure 28b). Identifying the Injur numbers. there are also often lesser stag beetle adults present, near to the larvae. longhorn beetle (Prionus coriarius) the longhorn larva is quite different from a stag beetle larva in that the body and head appear to be merged and the head is altogether squarer and smaller. It also has a black head and the body markedly tapers fro A larger and scarcer longhorn beetle is Prionus coriarius, which can grow to nearly 50mm and has serrated antennae, particularly the male as in the accompanying image. The larvae develop in the roots of deciduous trees as a rule and adults, which are nocturnal and attracted to artificial light, are seen in July and August

Beetles are my favorite insects, and ones I also see on the farm in August are the California prionus beetles. I have a few that I have found dead, and they grace my cabinet of curiosities in my living room. Anyway, the dead beetles, which die in the open at my place, get put back into the soil to enhance it larvae feed and pupate in the heartwood (Ergates faber); larvae develop in the heartwood, but they pupate in the ground (Prionus coriarius); larvae develop and pupate under the bark (Rhagium inquisitor); larvae develop under the bark and pupate in the bark (Trichoferus pallidus); larvae develop beneath the bark, pupating in the heartwood our native species of long horned beetles feed in dying or stressed trees and do not attack healthy trees. Fig. 1. The pine sawyer, Ergates spiculatus (larvae feed primarily in stressed Douglas-fir and ponderosa pine) Fig. 2. The California prionus, Prionus californicus (larvae feed on oak and madrone but also in some conifers) Fig. 3. The bande Tilehorned prionus (Fig. 10) beetles begin appearing in mid-summer. Females deposit eggs in soil at tree bases. Larvae enter roots and feed on outer are killed by these beetles and their larvae when, in fact, scolytids are attracted to stressed trees with minimal defenses and deliver the final death blow. While most are not consid Prionus coriarius is polyphagous species, developing in rotten wood of deciduous and coniferous trees. Female lays eggs on basal parts of dead trees and the hatched larvae bore into the wood and proceed down into the roots, which are the main food source. If food resources in one root are exhausted the larvae are able to move through the soil.

Hop-Prionus beetle | Pacific Northwest Pest ManagementCalifornia Root Borer - What's That Bug?UGA Pecan Extension | Prionus Root Borers

Ponderous Borer - Bugwoodwik

  1. Firewood often houses beetles, both under the bark and inside the wood. When firewood contains beetle larvae, adults may emerge as long as two years after the wood was cut. Longhorned beetle larvae usually live under the bark, in irregular tunnels. Boring beetle larvae make winding tunnels loaded with sawdust-like frass
  2. Longhorn Beetle (Prionus coriarius): Longhorn beetles belong to a large family which includes over 20,000 species of beetles, most of which have very long antennae. Many are considered pests because of their diet, which is made up of wood
  3. Larvae of Prionus californicus Motschulsky feed on the roots of many woody perennial plants and are economically important pests of hop Humulus lupulus L. (Urticales: Cannabaceae) and sweet cherry Prunus avium (L.) (Magnoliopsida: Rosaceae) in the United States Pacific Northwest and Intermountain West
  4. Larvae of a third species, Oriental fruit moth, bore in the tips of twigs, so we will not cover them here. Rarely, we see peach bark beetle boring in peach trees. It is covered at the end. Life Cycle and Damage. Peach tree borers overwinter as partially grown larvae, in a gallery under the bark. Usually they are close to or below ground level
  5. Interactions where Prionus coriarius is the victim or passive partner (and generally loses out from the process) . The following relationships have been collated from the published literature (see 'References'). Filters: Show All Hide Predators Hide Parasites Hide Parasitoids Hide Gall formers Hide Saprobes. Hide Fungi Hide Ascomycete Fungi Hide Basidiomycete Fungi Hide Fungoid
  6. The Wood-boring Beetle Prionus ; Its Larva Was Most Probably the Roman Cossus. 7. The Australian Bugong. 8. A Large Edible Cricket from Central Africa. INSECTS THAT ARE EATEN., scientific american, 1908-01-25 stag beetle (Aesalus scarabaeoides), larvae in deadwood, Germany. A girl is showing.

AMBROSIA BEETLE MONITORING Check traps for 'toothpicks' and holes, traps indicate beetle activity. When attacks are detected on the logs, scout trees in areas that may be vulnerable to attacks (low-lying areas, newly planted trees, unhealthy trees, etc.) 30.7%, 31% 69.3%, 69% % Toothpicks and Holes Toothpicks Hole Prionus californicus - California Prionus or The giant root borer Adult: 40-60mm. Order Coleoptera/ Family Cerambycidae - Long-horned Beetles The giant root borer, as it is sometimes called, is distributed over much of the state where it feeds on a great variety of woody plant roots and stumps in the larval stage. The whitish larvae, when fully grown and ready to pupate, attain the length. Cerambycidae (long-horned beetles) Macrodontia cervicornis Linn., larva Stenodontes (= Prionus) damicornis Linn., larva Sloane (1725, II, pp. 193-194) reported that the cottontree worm (Stenodontes damicornis) is sought after by both the blacks and Indians in Jamaica. The latter boil them in their soups, pottages, ollios, an Prionus californicus. 24-55mm, excluding the long antennae. A large, shiny reddish-brown long-horned beetle (subfamily Prioninae). Most of their life cycle is spent underground as larvae, feeding on the roots of tree, shrub and vine crops. This has earned them the reputation as an agricultural pest, especially of orchards